What to Know About DACA and California

What to Know About DACA and California

Credit…Frederic J. Brown/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Good morning.

(Here’s the sign-up, if you don’t already get California Today by email.)

On Tuesday, the Supreme Court finally heard arguments over the future of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, a program that has kept roughly 700,000 young, unauthorized immigrants in limbo for years.

Here’s what you need to know:

Need a refresher on DACA and Dreamers?

In 2012, President Barack Obama introduced the program, which shields people who were brought to the United States as children from deportation. It was intended as a stopgap measure, and didn’t provide a pathway to citizenship.

But it did allow participants, known as Dreamers, to get work permits, and in some states, including California, to access in-state tuition and legally drive. Dreamers can renew their status in two-year intervals.

Recipients who aren’t veterans have to be enrolled in high school or have a diploma or G.E.D. and cannot — contrary to what President Trump has said — have a serious criminal history.

In 2017, President Trump moved to end the program after nine conservative state attorneys general threatened to sue over it. They said it was an overreach of presidential power. President Trump has been conflicted about the program, and his public statements have reflected that.

[Read more about DACA and how it got to the Supreme Court.]

What happened this week?

After years of failed negotiations and fights in lower courts, the case headed to the Supreme Court, setting up one of the most important showdowns of the court’s term.

As my colleagues reported, the conservative majority of justices seemed prepared to let the Trump administration end the program, although the more liberal justices expressed skepticism about the administration’s rationale for ending DACA.

Now, we wait for a decision, which is expected by June.

[Read more about the legal arguments in the case.]

How is California involved?

California’s connections to the fight are multifaceted and deep.

In 2017, Janet Napolitano, who is set to step down as president of the University of California next year, sued to protect the program she helped create as secretary of homeland security. That made U.C. the first university to do so.

“America is a beacon of justice and opportunity and today we stood up for the young immigrants who seek both,” Ms. Napolitano said on Tuesday in Washington, where she was joined by undocumented students from the university, as well as professors.

[Read about when a California Dreamer went to Washington.]

And most of those young immigrants live in California — Los Angeles, in particular, according to a demographic analysis of Dreamers. More than a quarter of initial program acceptances — 222,795 — were for Californians. The median age of entry into the U.S. was 6 years old.

Finally, a couple of the lawyers arguing before the court on Tuesday hailed from California. Most notably, there was Theodore Olson, the conservative legal giant who argued for the winning side in Bush v. Gore, which handed the presidency to George W. Bush. He later disappointed some allies when he challenged California’s ban on same-sex marriage.

In the DACA case, he has served as an unlikely ally to Dreamers.

[Read more about why Mr. Olson took on the case.]

We often link to sites that limit access for nonsubscribers. We appreciate your reading Times coverage, but we also encourage you to support local news if you can.

Today’s news roundup was written by my colleague Inyoung Kang:

  • U.S. Roman Catholic bishops elected a Hispanic immigrant as their president for the first time by elevating Archbishop José H. Gomez of Los Angeles, who has long vowed to defend immigrants amid fears of deportation. [The New York Times]

  • San Diego State University suspended 14 fraternities as it investigated allegations that “possible misconduct” may have been linked to the death of a 19-year-old student over the weekend. [The New York Times]

  • Five people who were wounded during the mass shooting at the Gilroy Garlic Festival in July filed a lawsuit against the event’s organizers alleging “negligent security measures.” [The Mercury News]

  • How did California become America’s worst housing nightmare? Simply put, according to these reporters, it’s bad government — and the rest of the country is becoming more like California. [Bloomberg]

  • More than 1,000 state police officers misused a sensitive background check database for personal use over the past decade, an investigation found. [The Sacramento Bee]

  • Since statehood, California has pitched itself as a place of reinvention, prosperity, health and progressivism. But in the age of wildfires, the idea of that California Dream has felt exhausted and ironic, a New Yorker writer notes. [The New Yorker]

  • They pledged $1 million to help Butte County residents displaced by the Camp fire. But a proposed shelter was never built after backlash in Chico. [KQED]

[Read more: Looking back at the first 12 hours of the Camp fire, the deadliest and most destructive blaze in state history.]

  • A Santa Rosa brewery has a new pale ale with a very anti-PG&E name. The brewery’s owner said he intended it to be a gesture of solidarity for wildfire victims, but the moniker has also angered many. [Eater SF]

  • “It was a bit of a reality check for us”: The 49ers suffered their first loss of the season, against the Seattle Seahawks in overtime, 27-24. [The New York Times]

  • Silicon Valley is disrupting … birds. Scientists in the Bay Area planted 400 plastic decoys and solar-powered speakers that played mating and nesting calls of migratory Caspian terns. Then, they waited. [The New York Times]

  • An American prisoner of war coped in a German camp by drawing a comic book on cigarette wrappers bound with scrap metal. After World War II ended, he returned home to California and put aside his dreams of becoming an artist. Seven decades later, a stranger in New York emailed his son: He had his father’s drawings. [NPR]

As conceptions of identity broaden and change, so, too, have quinceañeras, my colleague Walter Thompson-Hernández reported in this lovely visual story.

In Pomona, a girl celebrated her Afro-Latina heritage with what she called a “quincenegra.” In Bakersfield, a girl honored her Muslim faith and made her entrance on a horse; she’s part of a riding club.

Others are breaking from traditional gender roles. Or having “double” quinces when they’re 30 and feel as if they’re firmly enough into womanhood to properly recognize it.

Take a look at more photos here.

California Today goes live at 6:30 a.m. Pacific time weekdays. Tell us what you want to see: CAtoday@nytimes.com. Were you forwarded this email? Sign up for California Today here.

Jill Cowan grew up in Orange County, graduated from U.C. Berkeley and has reported all over the state, including the Bay Area, Bakersfield and Los Angeles — but she always wants to see more. Follow along here or on Twitter, @jillcowan.

California Today is edited by Julie Bloom, who grew up in Los Angeles and graduated from U.C. Berkeley.

Source : Link

Follow 3-www.NET

Category Latest Posts